At a 4,900 meters (16,100 ft.) from its base, and 5,895 meters (19,341 ft.) above sea level, Mt. Kilimanjaro a dormant volcano is the highest mountain in Africa with the fourth highest summit in the world and the highest free standing mountain in the world (i.e. it's standing there all by itself in a plain, it's not one peak of many in a mountain range)
It has three main volcanic peaks namely Kibo, the highest at 4,900 meters (16,100 ft.), Mawenzi at 5,149 meters (16,893 ft.) and Shira, the shortest at 4,005 meters (13,140 ft.). Mawenzi and Shira are extinct volcanos while Kibo is a dormant is a volcano which could possibly erupt again.
From the local Chaggah Language ‘Kilima’ means mountain while ‘Njaro’ means greatness so the mountain of greatness to the community but in ancient Swahili language ‘njaro’ means shinning so it could probably be the ‘shinning mountain’ to the ancient Swahili who lived along the coastline.
The area around the mountain is a reserve with many wild animals including Honey Badger, Baboon, Fox, Hunting Dog, Jackal, Mongoose, Hyena, Leopard, Elephant, buffalo, lion and leopard.
However the animals are rarely fund on established climbing routes as they prefer the dense forests in the lower slopes of the mountain which are not easily accessible. Animal lovers are advised to visit established game parks Like Serengeti, Manyara etc.
Experienced Tour Guide
Cook and Assistant Cook (3 hot meals per day)
In-country airport transfers
All meals in Arusha/Moshi
Camping equipment hire (4-seasons tent, camping mat, -22C sleeping bag)
Private toilet tents on the mountain
Local Guide, assistant guides and porters
2/3 nights’ accommodation in Moshi/Arusha (either 2 or nights before and 1 night after)
Park entry permits, camping fees and rescue fees to Kilimanjaro National Park
Transportation to and from the National Park gates
Emergency equipment – Oxygen/radios
Personal spending money
Personal climbing Kit
Extra meals and drinks in Arusha/Moshi outside the main meals
Kilimanjaro is one of the world’s most accessible high summits making it a beacon for visitors from around the world. Most climbers reach the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, proper clothing and determination. And those who reach Uhuru Point, the actual summit, or Gillman’s Point on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates.
That’s is why between 40,000 and 60,000 people make the climb each year making Kilimanjaro the second most popular destination in Tanzania after Ngorongoro National Park. The first people documented to have reached the summit of the mountain were Germans Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889.
The fastest ascent-descent has been recorded by the Swiss-Ecuadorian mountain guide Karl Egloff (born 16 March 1981 in Quito) who ran to the top and back in 6 hours and 42 minutes on 13 August 2014. Previous records were held by Spanish mountain runner Kílian Jornet (7 hours, 14 minutes on 29 September 2010) and by Tanzanian guide Simon Mtuy (9 hours, 21 minutes on 22 February 2006).
The female ascent record is held by Anne-Marie Flammersfeld who on 27 July 2015 climbed to the summit in 8 hours, 32 minutes via the Umbwe Route, which is about 30 kilometers (19 mi) long. Born in Germany but living in Switzerland, she broke the record of Britain's Becky Shuttleworth who climbed to the summit in 11 hours, 34 minutes on 20 September 2014.
Flammersfeld then needed 4 hours, 26 minutes to run down to the Mweka Gate, for a combined ascent and descent time of 12 hours, 58 minutes. That broke the previous record of 18 hours, 31 minutes held by Debbie Bachman.
Despite an age-limit of 10 years for a climbing permit, exceptions are occasionally granted. Montannah Kenney, a 7-year-old girl from Texas broke the world record as the youngest female to climb the tallest mountain in Africa in March 2018. Her motivation was the death of her late father.
Also, Keats Boyd of Los Angeles was only seven years old when he summited Kilimanjaro on 21 January 2008. The oldest person to reach Uhuru Peak was Angela Vorobeva at age 86 years and 267 days. The oldest man to summit the mountain is American Robert Wheeler, who was 85 years and 201 days when he summited on 2 October 2014.
Routes to climbing Mount Kilimanjaro and climbing durations
There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend and descend Kilimanjaro which are;
|Kilimanjaro Route||Min. Days||Rec. Days||Difficulty||Scenery||Traffic||Rating|
|Rongai Route||5||7||medium||very good||low||4/5|
|Umbwe Route||6||8||very high||very good||very low||2/5|
One can climb Kilimanjaro as an individual climber or specific organized climber group on own dates or can joined a planned climbing expedition of many climbers joined into a group on a pre-planned climb.
The first mode is preferred for climbers in organized groups while second mode is preferred for climbers entering the country alone.
Price range depends on hotel accommodation and meal plans.
Most climbers will combine mountain climbing with other activities especially game safari for example
Quotes for the extra activities available on request