Mount Kilimanjaro


The Peaks of Mount

At a 4,900 meters (16,100 ft.) from its base, and 5,895 meters (19,341 ft.) above sea level, Mt. Kilimanjaro a dormant volcano is the highest mountain in Africa with the fourth highest summit in the world and the highest free standing mountain in the world (i.e. it's standing there all by itself in a plain, it's not one peak of many in a mountain range)
It has three main volcanic peaks namely Kibo, the highest at 4,900 meters (16,100 ft.), Mawenzi at 5,149 meters (16,893 ft.) and Shira, the shortest at 4,005 meters (13,140 ft.). Mawenzi and Shira are extinct volcanos while Kibo is a dormant is a volcano which could possibly erupt again.

Meaning of the Name Mount Kilimanjaro

From the local Chaggah Language ‘Kilima’ means mountain while ‘Njaro’ means greatness so the mountain of greatness to the community but in ancient Swahili language ‘njaro’ means shinning so it could probably be the ‘shinning mountain’ to the ancient Swahili who lived along the coastline.

Wild animals in Mt Kilimanjaro Reserve

The area around the mountain is a reserve with many wild animals including Honey Badger, Baboon, Fox, Hunting Dog, Jackal, Mongoose, Hyena, Leopard, Elephant, buffalo, lion and leopard.
However the animals are rarely fund on established climbing routes as they prefer the dense forests in the lower slopes of the mountain which are not easily accessible. Animal lovers are advised to visit established game parks Like Serengeti, Manyara etc.

Experienced Tour Guide
Cook and Assistant Cook (3 hot meals per day)
In-country airport transfers
All meals in Arusha/Moshi
Camping equipment hire (4-seasons tent, camping mat, -22C sleeping bag)
Private toilet tents on the mountain
Local Guide, assistant guides and porters
Professional guide
2/3 nights’ accommodation in Moshi/Arusha (either 2 or nights before and 1 night after)
Park entry permits, camping fees and rescue fees to Kilimanjaro National Park
Transportation to and from the National Park gates
Emergency equipment – Oxygen/radios
Personal spending money
Personal climbing Kit
Additional activities
Extra meals and drinks in Arusha/Moshi outside the main meals

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

Kilimanjaro is one of the world’s most accessible high summits making it a beacon for visitors from around the world. Most climbers reach the crater rim with little more than a walking stick, proper clothing and determination. And those who reach Uhuru Point, the actual summit, or Gillman’s Point on the lip of the crater, will have earned their climbing certificates.
That’s is why between 40,000 and 60,000 people make the climb each year making Kilimanjaro the second most popular destination in Tanzania after Ngorongoro National Park. The first people documented to have reached the summit of the mountain were Germans Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller in 1889.

Documented ascent and descent records for Mount Kilimanjaro

The fastest ascent-descent has been recorded by the Swiss-Ecuadorian mountain guide Karl Egloff (born 16 March 1981 in Quito) who ran to the top and back in 6 hours and 42 minutes on 13 August 2014. Previous records were held by Spanish mountain runner Kílian Jornet (7 hours, 14 minutes on 29 September 2010) and by Tanzanian guide Simon Mtuy (9 hours, 21 minutes on 22 February 2006).

The female ascent record is held by Anne-Marie Flammersfeld who on 27 July 2015 climbed to the summit in 8 hours, 32 minutes via the Umbwe Route, which is about 30 kilometers (19 mi) long. Born in Germany but living in Switzerland, she broke the record of Britain's Becky Shuttleworth who climbed to the summit in 11 hours, 34 minutes on 20 September 2014.

Flammersfeld then needed 4 hours, 26 minutes to run down to the Mweka Gate, for a combined ascent and descent time of 12 hours, 58 minutes. That broke the previous record of 18 hours, 31 minutes held by Debbie Bachman.

Youngest and oldest people to summit Mount Kilimanjaro

Despite an age-limit of 10 years for a climbing permit, exceptions are occasionally granted. Montannah Kenney, a 7-year-old girl from Texas broke the world record as the youngest female to climb the tallest mountain in Africa in March 2018. Her motivation was the death of her late father.

Also, Keats Boyd of Los Angeles was only seven years old when he summited Kilimanjaro on 21 January 2008. The oldest person to reach Uhuru Peak was Angela Vorobeva at age 86 years and 267 days. The oldest man to summit the mountain is American Robert Wheeler, who was 85 years and 201 days when he summited on 2 October 2014.
Routes to climbing Mount Kilimanjaro and climbing durations

There are seven official trekking routes by which to ascend and descend Kilimanjaro which are;

  1. Lemoshe
    This route approaches the mountain from its western side
    One of the newly opened routes considered most scenic but steeper and can ascent and descent can be done in 6 to 8 days. It has much less traffic, good acclimatization and a good success rate of 90% to 96%. Being a relatively new route accommodation is limited.
    Overall rating – Good to very good rating
  2. Machame Route
    This route approaches the mountain from its southwestern side
    This is widely proclaimed as very scenic and of late the most popular albeit steeper route. Ascent and descent can take 6 to 7 days because of its steeper slope. It is however heavily crowded and therefore not popular with high spenders. It has a good acclimatization and a success rate of 88% to 95%
    Overall rating- good rated route for those on small to average budget
  3. Marangu and Mweka Route
    This route approaches the mountain from its south eastern side joining the Machame route at some point.
    This is oldest and most established route considered to be the easiest but average scenic. It is however the most congested with many climbers and ascent and descent can be completed in 5 to 6 days because of its gradual slope. It has average acclimatization and a success rate of 80% to 85%. Being a well-established route it has a wide variety of tented, dormitory and hotel accommodation facilities to fit different budgets but which makes it very congested. Both ascent and descent are on the same trekking paths.
    It is however the most recommended for those on short stays and during the rainy seasons when ground camping on other routes is made difficult by wet grounds.
    Overall rating –poor to average route.
  4. Rongai Route
    This is the only route that approaches the mountain from the north close to the Kenyan Border This is considered the easiest, longer but average scenic routes where ascent and descent can be done in 5 to 7 days. It has good acclimatization and a success rate of 86% to 93%
    It is recommended for average budget climbers seeking an alternative route to the clouded Marangu route. It is not recommended during the rainy season due to its dense forests.
    Overall rating –average rated
  5. Shira Route
    This route approaches the mountain from its western side joining the Lemoshe ruote at some point
    It is nearly identical to the Lemosho route but a more varied and beautiful route. However the starting point of Shira route is at relatively higher altitude at Shira's starting point, which is accessed only be vehicle at the early stages and trekking starts higher up the mountain. This creates high possibility that climbers will experience some altitude related symptoms on the first day while camping at 11,800 feet.
    It has average acclimatization and a success rate of 80% to 90% ad can be completed in 6 to 8 days,
    Overall rating is poor to average
  6. Umbwe Route
    This route approaches the mountain from its southern side This is one of the shortest steepest but direct and therefore most challenging route with very poor acclimatization and obviously very low success rate of 50% to 60 %. The ascent can be completed in a duration of 5 to 7 days but highly equipped expert climbers can do it in 4 days.
    This route is only recommended for expert climbers
    Overall rating – good challenge for expert climbers and too risky for amateur climbers.

Summary of the climbing routes

Kilimanjaro RouteMin. DaysRec. DaysDifficultySceneryTrafficRating
Lemosho Route68highexcellentmedium4/5
Rongai Route57mediumvery goodlow4/5
Machame Route67highexcellenthigh3/5
Shira Route67highexcellentmedium2/5
Marangu Route56mediumgoodhigh2/5
Umbwe Route68very highvery goodvery low2/5

Climbing Modes

One can climb Kilimanjaro as an individual climber or specific organized climber group on own dates or can joined a planned climbing expedition of many climbers joined into a group on a pre-planned climb.
The first mode is preferred for climbers in organized groups while second mode is preferred for climbers entering the country alone.

Price guide

  • 6 Days climbing package $1800 - $2000
  • 7 day climbing package $2000-2200

Price range depends on hotel accommodation and meal plans.

Most climbers will combine mountain climbing with other activities especially game safari for example

  1. 6 days climbing at Mt Limanjaro and 3 days game safari to Ngorongoro and Serengeti.
  2. 6 days Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro and 2 days game safari at Ngorongoro.
  3. 6 days climbing MT Kilimanjaro and 1 day game safari to Arusha National Park.

Quotes for the extra activities available on request


Arrival: Tanzania

Arrive Tanzania – Sleep at a lodge or Hotel in near or at Moshi town Pre climbing briefing is done and list of climber’s requirements verified to ensure all climbers have enough essentials. Climbers can shop fr various items in Moshi Town. All documentation is also completed on this day. It is recommended that climbers have at arrive at Moshi by 3 pm in case some shopping must be done on this day.


Ascent Trekking up

Drive to Machame gate then trek for 5 km through Machame gate to Machame camp at (3030m/9940ft) for 4 to 5 hours.


Day 2: Trekking up

Trek for 5 km from Machame Camp to Shira 2 Camp (3850m/12630ft) for 6 to 7 hours.


Day 3: Trekking up

Trek 10 km from Shira 2 Camp - via Lava Tower (4640m/15220ft) to Barranco Camp (3985m/13070ft) for 5-7 hours .


Day 4: Trekking up

Trek 5 km from Barranco Camp to Karanga Camp (4040m/13255ft) for 4 to 5 hours .


Day 5: Trekking up

Trek for 3.5 km from Karanga Camp to Barafu Huts (4680m/15360ft) for 3 – 4 hours .


Day 6: Get to the peak and start descent

Trek up for 5 km for 5-6 hours and make Summit attempt via Stella Point (5752m/18871ft) to Uhuru Peak (5895m/19340ft). After brief 1-2 hours cerebration at the peak, descend for 10 km to Millennium Camp (3820m/12530ft) for 10 to 14 hours. THIS IS BY FAR THE HARDEST BUT HAPPIEST DAY OF THE TREK


Day 7: Descend

Descend 1990 m/6530 ft. from Millennium Camp to Machame Gate 20 for km in 5 hours


Day 8: Return

Celebration and rest at or near Moshi.



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