Mount Meru, the second highest Mountain in Tanzania and fifth highest in Africa is a dormant stratovolcano located 70 kilometers (43 mi) west of Mount Kilimanjaro. At a height of 4,562.13 meters (14,968 ft.), it is visible from Mount Kilimanjaro on a clear day.
Mount Meru is located just north of the city of Arusha, in the Arusha Region of Tanzania.
Much of its bulk was lost about 8,000 years ago due to an eastward volcanic blast, similar to the 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens in the U.S. state of Washington. Mount Meru most recently had a minor eruption in 1910. The several small cones and craters seen in the vicinity probably reflect numerous episodes of volcanic activity.
Mount Meru is surrounded by the small Arusha National Park with fertile slopes forest that support hosts of diverse wildlife, including nearly 400 species of birds, and also monkeys, a few elephants, buffalos and leopards.
The Name of the Mountain is got from the Arumeru or just Meru tribe of Tanzania that occupy the land around the mountain. Though the Mountain is within the District of Arusha administratively the area immediately around the Mountain is occupied by the Meru people. Though they share a name with the Meru tribe of Kenya another Bantu group, they are two very different tribes with very different language and culture.
Mount Meru is within Arusha National Park one of the smaller game parks in Tanzania. The park has a limited number of diverse wildlife mainly herbivores such as elephants, hippos, buffalo, zebra, and even the occasional wildebeest. The Park is also home to the world's largest population of giraffes. None herbivorous animals re rare but occasionally found and include lion and leopard.