Tarangire National Park is the sixth largest national park in Tanzania located Manyara, South East of Arusha. The Park covers an area of approximately 2,850 square kilometers. The landscape is composed of granitic ridges, river valley, and swamps.
The park was named after the fresh water Tarangire River that passes through it. The Tarangire Ecosystem is defined by the long-distance migration of wildebeest and zebras and, the Tarangire River which is the animal’s water source during the dry seasons.
The park is famous for its high population of elephants, baobab and acacia trees. Large herds of zebras, wildebeests and cape buffalos can be sighted from June to November. Other common resident animals include waterbuck, giraffe, dik dik, impala, eland, Grant's gazelle, vervet monkey, banded mongoose, and olive baboon.
Predators found in Tarangire include: the African lion, leopard, cheetah, caracal, honey badger, and African wild dog. The park has few elephant ecosystems, it is famous for the twin elephant births and the oldest known elephant to have given birth to twins. The park also has the highest population of elephants than any other park in Tanzania.
The Park is also home to more than 550 bird species, the park is a haven for bird enthusiasts. One can find the Kori bustard, the heaviest flying bird; the stocking-thigh ostrich, the world’s largest bird; and small parties of ground hornbills blustering like turkeys.
Ardent bird watchers might keep an eye on the screeching flocks of the yellow-collared lovebird, the drabber rufus-tailed weaver and the ashy starling.
The park is also famous for the termite mounds that dot the landscape and are shelter to the Mongoose once abandoned by the termites. The unique loud, clockwork – like duetting from the mongoose, and the pairs of red-and-yellow barbet cannot be ignored. The Park is also home to the rare white giraffe.
Activities in this Park include: guided walking safaris, day trips to Maasai and Barabaig villages and, ancient rock paintings in Kolo, Dodoma Road.