“serengit” is a Massai word for the land of endless plains Serengeti National Park is undoubtedly the best-known wildlife sanctuary in the world, unequalled for its natural beauty and scientific value, it has the greatest concentration of forest wildlife in Africa. It is home to the greatest wildlife spectacle on earth – The Wild Beast Migration.
The National Park is found Serengeti ecosystem in the Mara and Simiyu regions and is most famous for its annual Wild Beast migration of over 1.5 million white-bearded (or brindled) wildebeest and 250,000 zebra . It also has a large population of Nile crocodile and honey badger.
The park covers 14,750 square kilometers (5,700 sq. mi) of grassland plains, savanna, riverine forest, and woodlands bordered to the north by the Kenya’s Maasai Mara National Reserve. To the southeast of the park is the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, to the southwest lies Maswa Game Reserve, to the west are the Ikorongo and Grumeti Game Reserves, and to the northeast and east lies the Loliondo Game Control Area. Together, these areas form the larger Serengeti ecosystem.
The park is usually described as divided into three regions namely;
The Serengeti plainsThis is an almost treeless grassland to the south of the Park and the most emblematic scenery of the park. This is where the wildebeest breed, as they remain in the plains from December to May. Other hoofed animals - zebra, gazelle, impala, hartebeest, topi, buffalo, waterbuck - also occur in huge numbers during the wet season. "Kopjes" are granite florations that are very common in the region, and they are great observation posts for predators, as well as a refuge for hyrax and pythons.
Western corridor:This is a black clay soil savannah to the west of the Park. The Grumeti River and its gallery forests is home to Nile crocodiles, patas monkeys, hippopotamus, and martial eagles. The migration passes through from May to July.
Northern Serengeti:This are to the north of the Park is dominated by open woodlands (predominantly Commiphora) and hills, ranging from Seronera in the south to the Mara River on the Kenyan border. Apart from the migratory wildebeest and zebra (which occur from July to August, and in November), this is the best place to find elephant, giraffe, and dik dik.