The Olduvai Gorge or Oldupai Gorge is one of the best known ‘cradles of Mankind. ’ It is one of the most important pale-oanthropological sites in the world.
The word Olduvai originated from a misspelling of the word Oldupai, (a Maasai word for a wild sisal plant that grows in the area). The gorge is located in the Great Rift Valley, between the Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park.
The gorge is found in Tanzania and it holds the earliest evidence of the existence of human beings. Paleoanthropologists have found hundreds of fossilized bones and stone tools in the area dating back millions of years, evidence that humans evolved in Africa.
It is 30 miles from Laetoli, another fossil-rich area. At Laetoli, west of Ngorongoro Crater, hominid footprints are preserved in volcanic rock 3.6 millions years old and represent some of the earliest signs of mankind in the world. These imprints are displayed in the Oldupai museum.