The Ngorongoro Crater is the world's largest inactive, intact and unfilled volcanic caldera. The crater was formed when a large volcano exploded and collapsed on itself two to three million years ago, is 2,000ft deep and its floor covers 260 square kilometers. It is about 20kms across, 600 meters deep and 300 sq. kms in area.
Ngorongoro was derived from the sound produced by the cowbell (ngoro ngoro). The jewel in the crater’s crown is a deep, volcanic and the largest un flooded and unbroken caldera in the world.
The Crater has one of the densest animal population of the East African lions and is home to approximately 30,000 animals. The grazers and predators are found throughout the year.
The animals in this park include, the endangered Black Rhino, leopard and the black-maned lions. The flamingoes are also present and are attracted to the soda waters of Lake Magadi.
The park is surrounded by a circular mud and thorn huts which belong to the nomadic pastoralist.
The main tourist activities here are the game drives, guided game viewing trekking and visits to the Maasai huts